The Maremma is that area of Tuscany which was the heartland of the Etruscans stretches during the past.
After the Etruscan era, the area deteriorated and became infested by malarial mosquito. This is why it was inhabited only by shepherds or cowboys, the so-called “butteri”.
It’s only during the 50’s that the mosquitos were eliminated once and for all. Finally the place turned out to be one of the last unspoilt stretches of the Italian coastline.